It draws together all previous points and ultimately should leave the reader satisfied that all angles have been explored and a sensible analysis reached. It should stimulate the reader and stretch their imagination but should also be corroborated by academic authorities. It must not discuss any items not previously explored and must be a synopsis of everything arising previously.
A conclusion must be well balanced so that a considered opinion of alternative views is set out and thoroughly analysed. A conclusion will vary depending on the type of essay. A problem solving scenario type essay will not have much reflection but will concentrate on applying the law and make various assumptions with a relatively brief conclusion. A thought provoking essay title which often involves your views on a quotation will have a lengthy and often philosophical conclusion.